Socio-economic Factors Affecting Uptake of Banana Value Addition among Smallholders in Chuka Sub-county, Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya | Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology

Despite the economic benefits and emphasis placed on value addition by stakeholders, banana producers in most parts of Kenya have not adopted it. A study was conducted in Chuka Sub-County, Tharaka Nithi County, to determine the socio-economic factors that influence farmers’ adoption of banana value addition. The study used the diffusion of innovations theory to find a link between farming experience, group participation, credit access, and banana value addition uptake. The study used a descriptive research design, which included the creation of frequency tables as well as the collection of both qualitative and quantitative data. In Chuka Sub-County, the target population was 20,180 banana farming households, as well as three key informants. The 156 banana producers were chosen using purposeful sampling, random sampling, and snowballing procedures. In Imenti South, a pilot study of 24 houses (15 percent of the sample population) was conducted, and the questionnaire was judged to be reliable (Cronbach alpha value of 0.785). The data was analysed using SPSS version 25 and presented using frequency tables, with a 90 percent questionnaire return rate. Binary logistic regression was performed to examine the levels of significance of variables, and the model passed the Hosmer & Lemeshow goodness of fit test with a score of p=0.480 (>0.05), indicating that it was well-suited to the data. ANOVA tests were done to check for multicollinearity. Only 31.9 percent of farmers use banana value addition, and no banana value addition methods were discovered, with 35.6 percent and 64.4 percent of those who use banana ripening for sale and bulk packaging, respectively, using banana value addition. The findings [P=0.05] revealed that group membership [p=0.019] and loan access [p=0.004] had a favourable and significant impact on farmers’ uptake of banana value addition at various stages. Farming experience was found to have a positive effect on uptake, but it was statistically insignificant. Farmers should be encouraged to join value-added cooperatives, and the government and other stakeholders, in collaboration with financial institutions, should streamline policies to improve farmer access to financing for effective farming, among other things, according to the report.

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Tubulo Interstitial Nephritis and Uveitis Syndrome (TINU): Study of 5 Cases | Asian Journal of Research in Nephrology

TINU (tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome) is an uncommon illness in which intraocular inflammation and nephritis coexist. From 1996 to 2012, we studied 5 cases of TINU syndrome that were collected retrospectively in internal medicine departments.

Female predominance was discovered, with a female / male sex ratio of 4/1 and a median age of 36.4 years. In every case, uveitis was the first symptom of the condition. Three of the individuals exhibited systemic symptoms. All of the patients were suffering from renal failure and proteinuria. Four patients had aseptic pyuria, two had microscopic hematuria, and one patient had glucosuria without diabetes. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate was high in all of the individuals. Three of the patients exhibited normochromic normocytic anaemia, and two of them had a high gamma globulinemia level. All of the patients had their kidneys biopsied. Acute interstitial nephritis was seen in one case, chronic interstitial nephritis in four, and segmental and localised glomerulosclerosis in one patient. Oral corticosteroids were given to all of the patients. They were halted in three cases and continued in two others. One patient had residual renal failure, and another had uveitis as a result of it. After two and a half years, one recurrence of uveitis was reported during the course of the study. The progress was positive. Three of the patients had a favourable prognosis, while the other two had an intermediate prognosis. In the occurrence of any uveitis associated with renal impairment, TINU syndrome should be evaluated. For early diagnosis and efficient treatment, multidisciplinary management is suggested.

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Audit of Operative Management of Displaced Supracondylar Humeral Fractures in Children | Asian Journal of Orthopaedic Research

Supracondylar Humeral Fractures (SCHF) are one of the most prevalent fractures in children’s elbows. The treatment of these fractures is extremely difficult. Closed manipulation and pinning are used to treat the majority of displaced supracondylar fractures. A retrospective analysis was conducted to examine the functional outcome and identify characteristics that predispose to problems.

Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective research of 40 patients who had displaced supracondylar humerus fractures and met our inclusion criteria at Nizwa Hospital. Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning were used to treat all of the patients. We looked over their case files to see how they were classified, what operations they had, how they were followed up on, and whether there were any issues.

The patients were split into two groups: 28 (70%) were male and 12 (30%) were female. The average time from the start of trauma to surgery was 8.3 hours. The patients’ average age was 6.5 years, with a range of 02-12 years. Cross pins were used in 22 (55%) of the patients, while two lateral pins were used in 18 (45%) of the patients. The most common cause of fractures was a fall, which accounted for 32 (80%) of the cases, followed by motor vehicle accidents, which accounted for 08 (20%) of the cases. In 2004, a case of superficial pin tract infection was reported (10 percent ) Cross pinning resulted in iatrogenic ulnar nerve damage in three patients (13.6 percent). Pin migration resulted in a loss of reduction in the 01(2.5%) scenario. Excellent in 68 percent (mediolateral) 61 percent in lateral pinning group patients, Good in 22.8 percent (mediolateral) 22.3 percent in lateral pinning group patients, and Fair in 9 percent of patients, according to Flynn criteria (mediolateral) Patients in the lateral pinning group accounted for 11% of the total, whereas those in the poor category accounted for 0%. (mediolateral) 5.6 percent of patients in the lateral pinning group Percutaneous Krischner wire fixation for displaced Supracondylar Humeral fractures in children is a safe and predictable procedure, but cross pinning is linked to an increased risk of iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury.

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Determinants of the Governance Performance of Producer Organizations: Case Study of Village Cotton Producers Cooperatives in Benin | Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology

Aims: The purpose of this essay is to examine the major elements that influence the governance of Producers’ Organizations in the context of the OHADA Uniform Act on Cooperative Societies.

Village Cotton Producers Cooperatives are the focus of the case study (CVPCs). The quality of internal governance (administrative) and the quality of services given to members have been used to assess CVPC governance performance.

The research was conducted in the Department of Alibori in northern Benin Republic. From July to October 2019, data will be collected.

Methodology: A total of 242 CVPCs were chosen from six municipalities in the Alibori Department. Primary data on socioeconomic aspects (the size of the CVPC, its age, the number of women in the group, and the leadership profile of the group), as well as governance parameters relating to internal governance and the quality of services given to members.

Internal governance is often inadequate, but the quality of services offered to members is good, according to the findings. In comparison to excellent governance, the proportion of women and the profile of leaders define (poor) internal governance. The quality of the services supplied to members is determined by the low profile of the leaders, the tiny size, and the low representation of women. The higher the stature of leaders, the more likely good governance will be. On the other side, when the percentage of women in CVPCs rises, there is a greater risk of poor internal governance rather than strong governance. Conclusion: These findings imply that the lower or medium the leadership profile, the poorer or average the internal governance and services offered to members. A better mix of all of these factors will improve the quality of internal governance as well as the services given to CVPC members.

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Naqshbandi Sufism in Southern Chile: A Case Study | Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences

The motivations and opinions of Chilean Naqshbandi Haqqani Sufis are discussed in this article. The study examined a specific case and some of its impacts on the participants’ social integration in order to gain a better understanding of the experience of these practises in contemporary Chile. In light of the country’s predominantly Christian setting, perceptions of the intercultural encounter involved were recorded and examined, including prejudices and discrimination. The significance of the concept of “search” and the weight of the master figure as motivating factors were the most prominent topics explored in the results.

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Spider Bites in Libya | Asian Journal of Research in Dermatological Science

Aims: To raise awareness of the signs and symptoms of suspected spider bites, as well as to evaluate local and systemic manifestations in order to suspect the more common types of spider bites, such as Loxoscelism or Latrodectism, and to educate physicians about a disease that is not well known in Libya.

Prospective case-series study was used in this investigation.

The study was conducted in the dermatology department of Zliten Medical Center, which is the city’s largest and most important governmental general hospital. The study lasted three years, beginning on September 1, 2017, and ending on August 31, 2020.

Methodology: Patients of all ages were included in the study, regardless of whether or not the venomous spider was visible. In situations where spiders were not present, the diagnosis was mostly clinical, with or without the appearance of cutaneous necrosis. The other criterion for involvement were painless bites on the proximal covered extremities or trunk.

Results: Thirty-eight patients (32 females and 6 men) were involved, with the majority (76%) having never seen the offending spider. The proximal extremities and trunk were the most frequently bitten parts of the body.

The most common clinical sign was local skin necrosis, which was seen in 71% of patients; also, the majority (76%) of patients exhibited minor systemic symptoms such as fever, headache, and nausea. Conclusion: Dermonecrosis is one of the most prevalent symptoms of spider bites in Libya, and moderate systemic symptoms are common, whereas severe systemic symptoms or consequences were not observed, implying that Loxoscelism is the most likely disease induced by spider bites in Libya. As a result, research to identify the responsible spiders is required.

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Comparative Analysis of Nutrients Content and Characterization of Oil from Two Varieties of Tiger Nut (Cyperus esculentus) | Asian Journal of Research in Biochemistry

The tiger nut (Cyperus esculentus) belongs to the Cyperaceae family and the Commelinalis order. It has been in existence for almost 4,000 years.

To measure the nutritional content (protein, fat, fibre, ash, moisture, and carbohydrate) of a nut, to extract and describe oil from various tiger nuts, and to identify the presence of mineral components in the nut.

This study used a descriptive research approach to evaluate the nutritional content (protein, fat, fibre, ash, moisture, and carbohydrate) of tiger nuts, extract and describe oil from various tiger nuts, and determine the existence of mineral components in the nut.

The research was carried out at Bayero University Kano’s Biochemistry Department from April to September 2019.

Methods: Proximate compositions were determined using the method described by the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, whereas carbohydrate concentrations were calculated using the difference method. The physicochemical parameters and mineral content were determined using the method described by the American Oil Chemists Society.

Moisture (9.48 percent), ash (2.07 percent), fat (33.5 percent), protein (6.11 percent), crude fibre (17.5 percent), and carbohydrate made up the yellow variety’s proximate makeup (31.2 percent ). Moisture (9.62 percent), ash (2.76 percent), fat (34.2 percent), protein (6.93 percent), crude fibre (15.3 percent), and carbohydrate (30.9 percent) were the same numbers for the brown variant. The extracted oil is golden in colour and tastes nutty. The saponification, acid, peroxide, iodine, and free fatty acid values of the yellow variety were found to be 210.84.28, 3.170.64, 1.000.52, 78.713.1, and 0.400.21, respectively, and the saponification, acid, peroxide, iodine, and free fatty acid values of the yellow variety were also found to be 212.24.92, 3.360.56, 1.060.75, 76.514.6 and 0.420.04, with no significant Mg 133.67, P 527.33, K 957.67, Ca 394, Cu 2.0, and Fe 1.86 are the mineral elements found in the brown type (mg/100g). Mg 118.13, P 159.61, K 384.33, Ca 152, Cu 2.0, and Fe 1.04 are the corresponding values for the yellow variant. Both varieties were found to be free of lead and cadmium. Conclusion: These findings suggest that tiger nut tuber oil may be a useful source of edible oil that is high in nutrients and can give a lot of energy, similar to starchy foods.

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Exploring the Relationships of Autonomy- supportive Climate, Psychological Need Satisfaction and Thwarting with Students’ Self-talk in Physical Education | Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science

We investigated the links between Physical Education (PE) teachers’ autonomy-supportive actions and students’ need satisfaction, need thwarting, and self-talk during the PE class utilising the framework of the Self-determination Notion and concentrating on the theory of Basic Psychological Needs.

Methodology: A multi-section questionnaire was completed by 544 Greek primary and secondary school students (aged 12 to 15 years) from nine elementary schools (n = 259) and eight senior schools (n = 285) in central Greece.

Results showed that positive self-talk was favourably correlated with positive self-talk and negatively connected with negative self-talk, whereas need thwarting was positively associated with negative self-talk and negatively associated with positive self-talk. Autonomy-supportive climate and competence need thwarting were found to be significant predictors (positive and negative, respectively) of students’ positive self-talk in regression studies. Furthermore, autonomy and relatedness need satisfaction were negative indicators of students’ negative self-talk, whereas competence and relatedness need thwarting were positive predictors. Overall, the findings imply that PE teachers can favourably influence students’ self-talk by creating a classroom climate that encourages students’ autonomy and contentment with their BPN while also preventing need thwarting.

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Vegan Diet Induced Myopathy | International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health

Background: In some cases, secondary hyperparathyroidism can appear as myopathy for the first time. Vegans who follow a strict vegan diet are at danger of vitamin D deficiency, which can lead to secondary hyperparathyroidism. Investigations and misdiagnosis of neuromuscular disease rather than metabolic bone disease may result from a myopathic appearance.

Methods: A young lady with severe progressive limb girdle pattern myopathy, quick reflexes, and periphral neuropathy was presented to us. Electrophysiology verified the presence of,yopathy and neuropathy, while lab tests revealed vitamin D insufficiency and high parathormone levels.

She was given vitamin D supplements and was judged to have made a near-complete recovery after a follow-up visit.

As a result, it’s critical to check for vitamin D deficiency in everyone. Patients who have a history of strict vegetarianism are particularly vulnerable.

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Residents’ Resentment of Neighbourhood Choice in Port Harcourt Municipality | Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International

Residents’ dissatisfaction of neighbourhood choice in the Nigerian city of Port Harcourt was investigated in this study. Both secondary and primary data sources were used in the research. Face-to-face administration of a mainly pre-coded household questionnaire to a probability sample of 396 respondents recruited from the neighbourhoods was used to collect primary data. The data was analysed using the univariate analytical method and responses from 193 questionnaires collected. Waste collection and disposal, safety of lives and property, fire stations, cleanliness of the neighbourhood, residential planning, and government provision of housing for the poor, hospitals/clinics, recreational areas, street maintenance, aesthetic condition, noise level, and neighbourhood condition were all rated negatively by a large percentage of residents, according to the study. Markets were rated adequate by residents, and fire hazards were rated minimal. The majority of residents judged neighbourhood quality indicators as inadequate, according to the research. According to the report, the government should intervene in these regions to improve neighbourhood quality in order to promote long-term sustainability.

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